Reference: Padhy AA, et al. (2023) Systematic profiling of dominant ubiquitin variants reveals key functional nodes contributing to evolutionary selection. Cell Rep 42(9):113064

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Abstract


Dominant-negative mutations can help to investigate the biological mechanisms and to understand the selective pressures for multifunctional proteins. However, most studies have focused on recessive mutant effects that occur in the absence of a second functional gene copy, which overlooks the fact that most eukaryotic genomes contain more than one copy of many genes. We have identified dominant effects on yeast growth rate among all possible point mutations in ubiquitin expressed alongside a wild-type allele. Our results reveal more than 400 dominant-negative mutations, indicating that dominant-negative effects make a sizable contribution to selection acting on ubiquitin. Cellular and biochemical analyses of individual ubiquitin variants show that dominant-negative effects are explained by varied accumulation of polyubiquitinated cellular proteins and/or defects in conjugation of ubiquitin variants to ubiquitin ligases. Our approach to identify dominant-negative mutations is general and can be applied to other proteins of interest.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Padhy AA, Mavor D, Sahoo S, Bolon DNA, Mishra P
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