Reference: Bult CJ and Sternberg PW (2023) The alliance of genome resources: transforming comparative genomics. Mamm Genome 34(4):531-544

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Abstract


Comparing genomic and biological characteristics across multiple species is essential to using model systems to investigate the molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying human biology and disease and to translate mechanistic insights from studies in model organisms for clinical applications. Building a scalable knowledge commons platform that supports cross-species comparison of rich, expertly curated knowledge regarding gene function, phenotype, and disease associations available for model organisms and humans is the primary mission of the Alliance of Genome Resources (the Alliance). The Alliance is a consortium of seven model organism knowledgebases (mouse, rat, yeast, nematode, zebrafish, frog, fruit fly) and the Gene Ontology resource. The Alliance uses a common set of gene ortholog assertions as the basis for comparing biological annotations across the organisms represented in the Alliance. The major types of knowledge associated with genes that are represented in the Alliance database currently include gene function, phenotypic alleles and variants, human disease associations, pathways, gene expression, and both protein-protein and genetic interactions. The Alliance has enhanced the ability of researchers to easily compare biological annotations for common data types across model organisms and human through the implementation of shared programmatic access mechanisms, data-specific web pages with a unified "look and feel", and interactive user interfaces specifically designed to support comparative biology. The modular infrastructure developed by the Alliance allows the resource to serve as an extensible "knowledge commons" capable of expanding to accommodate additional model organisms.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural | Review
Authors
Bult CJ, Sternberg PW
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Gene Ontology Annotations


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Gene/Complex Qualifier Gene Ontology Term Aspect Annotation Extension Evidence Method Source Assigned On Reference

Phenotype Annotations


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Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Disease Annotations


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Gene Disease Ontology Term Qualifier Evidence Method Source Assigned On Reference

Regulation Annotations


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Regulator Target Direction Regulation Of Happens During Method Evidence

Post-translational Modifications


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Site Modification Modifier Reference

Interaction Annotations


Genetic Interactions

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Interactor Interactor Allele Assay Annotation Action Phenotype SGA score P-value Source Reference

Physical Interactions

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Interactor Interactor Assay Annotation Action Modification Source Reference

Functional Complementation Annotations


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Gene Species Gene ID Strain background Direction Details Source Reference