Reference: Pourcelot E, et al. (2023) Comparing the hierarchy of inter- and intra-species interactions with population dynamics of wine yeast cocultures. FEMS Yeast Res 23

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Abstract


In winemaking, the development of new fermentation strategies, such as the use of mixed starter cultures with Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Sc) yeast and non-Saccharomyces (NS) species, requires a better understanding of how yeasts interact, especially at the beginning of fermentation. Despite the growing knowledge on interactions between Sc and NS, few data are available on the interactions between different species of NS. It is furthermore still unclear whether interactions are primarily driven by generic differences between yeast species or whether individual strains are the evolutionarily relevant unit for biotic interactions. This study aimed at acquiring knowledge of the relevance of species and strain in the population dynamics of cocultures between five yeast species: Hanseniaspora uvarum, Lachancea thermotolerans, Starmerella bacillaris, Torulaspora delbrueckii and Sc. We performed cocultures between 15 strains in synthetic grape must and monitored growth in microplates. Both positive and negative interactions were identified. Based on an interaction index, our results showed that the population dynamics seemed mainly driven by the two species involved. Strain level was more relevant in modulating the strength of the interactions. This study provides fundamental insights into the microbial dynamics in early fermentation and contribute to the understanding of more complex consortia encompassing multiple yeasts trains.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Pourcelot E, Conacher C, Marlin T, Bauer F, Galeote V, Nidelet T
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