Reference: Ütkür K, et al. (2023) DPH1 and DPH2 variants that confer susceptibility to diphthamide deficiency syndrome in human cells and yeast models. Dis Model Mech 16(9)

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Abstract


The autosomal-recessive diphthamide deficiency syndrome presents as intellectual disability with developmental abnormalities, seizures, craniofacial and additional morphological phenotypes. It is caused by reduced activity of proteins that synthesize diphthamide on human translation elongation factor 2. Diphthamide synthesis requires seven proteins (DPH1-DPH7), with clinical deficiency described for DPH1, DPH2 and DPH5. A limited set of variant alleles from syndromic patients has been functionally analyzed, but databases (gnomAD) list additional so far uncharacterized variants in human DPH1 and DPH2. Because DPH enzymes are conserved among eukaryotes, their functionality can be assessed in yeast and mammalian cells. Our experimental assessment of known and uncharacterized DPH1 and DPH2 missense alleles showed that six variants are tolerated despite inter-species conservation. Ten additional human DPH1 (G113R, A114T, H132P, H132R, S136R, C137F, L138P, Y152C, S221P, H240R) and two DPH2 (H105P, C341Y) variants showed reduced functionality and hence are deficiency-susceptibility alleles. Some variants locate close to the active enzyme center and may affect catalysis, while others may impact on enzyme activation. In sum, our study has identified functionally compromised alleles of DPH1 and DPH2 genes that likely cause diphthamide deficiency syndrome.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Ütkür K, Mayer K, Khan M, Manivannan T, Schaffrath R, Brinkmann U
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